Paediatric vascular disease is extremely rare, and poses a major challenge to surgeons.

Congenital vascular malformations are non-neoplastic lesions caused by disorders of vascular tissue morphogenesis. Other paediatric vascular conditions include abdominal aortic aneurysm, renovascular hypertension, acute arterial occlusion, chronic peripheral arterial occlusive disease and portal hypertension.

Treating these conditions requires surgery, but this is complicated by issues such as small size, the necessity of allowing for future growth, and availability of suitable vascular conduits.