Transcatheter therapy of structural heart disease is advancing rapidly. Due to the less invasive approach, transcatheter techniques have replaced surgery as the standard procedure for atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale closure.

Evolving interventional techniques allow treatment of paravalvular leaks, ventricular septal defects and valve replacement, especially the rapid evolution and newer indications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

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