Prevention & Chronic Conditions


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in the UK, accounting for nearly one-third of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Globally CVD accounts for 31% of mortality, mainly from heart disease and cerebrovascular accident.

The burden of CVD can be ameliorated by careful risk modification and primary prevention is an important priority for all developers of health policy. Strong consensus exists between international guidelines regarding the necessity of smoking cessation, weight optimisation and exercise, although guidelines have slightly different approaches to hypertension and vary considerably regarding their approach to optimal lipid profile, which remains a contentious issue.


Gender Disparities in PAD


23 February 2024


US Cardiology Review 2024;18:e04

Outpatient Evaluation of Secondary Causes of Resistant Hypertension


European Cardiology 2011;7(4):264–9

Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease


European Cardiology Review 2014;9(2):115–20

Renal Revascularisation Therapy in 2011 - In Perspective


Interventional Cardiology 2011;6(1):89–92